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Check, fix and clean disk partitions on Windows 10 with built-in tools

Microsoft has equipped Windows 10 with some pretty useful tools, and this is how to use it.

Usually, we use third-party software options to perform system checks, bug fixes and cleanup on Windows 10. However, you may not know Windows itself. Microsoft has built a number of tools that have similar functions and are minimized to use at the maximum level so that users can use it immediately without having to learn deeply.

If you are interested, this article will suggest how to activate and use some pretty useful tools to check, fix errors and clean up the drive partition on Windows 10, invite readers to consult.

Check the drive partition error with Error checking tool

Step 1: Start File Explorer and access This PC.

Step 2: Right-click the drive partition to check and click Properties.

Step 3: The Properties dialog box appears, click on the Tools tab and click on Check under Error checking section.

The confirmation dialog appears, click Scan drive to allow the scan to start.

Depending on the partition size and the amount of data contained, the scan time can be fast or slow.

When the test is completed, the notification window will appear and report you the error checking result.

Other partitions follow the same approach.

Check drive partition errors with CHKDSK tool

Step 1: Right-click the Start button and select Windows PowerShell (Admin).

Step 2: Enter the command “chkdsk E: / f”. In which “E” is the name of the disk partition to be checked. Here, for example, “E”, the complete statement will be: “chkdsk E: / f”.

The scan will take place and display the results for you.

Other partitions follow the same approach.

Clean up the system with the Disk Cleanup tool

Step 1: Start File Explorer and access This PC. Right-click the drive partition to check and click Properties. The Properties dialog box appears, click on the General tab and click on the Disk Cleanup option in the Capacity section.

Step 2: The Disk Cleanup window appears, click on cleaning options such as Temporary internet files, Delivery optimization files, Recycle Bin, Temporary files, Thumbnails. These are garbage data so it is safe to delete.

Step 3: Once you have selected it, press OK> Delete Files to confirm the operation and allow the cleaning of the selected data to take place.

If you want to delete the system’s junk data, click the Clean up system files option.

Wait a few seconds for the tool to scan and list the system’s junk data groups. When done, check the trash groups that can be cleaned up: Windows Update Cleanup, Windows Defender Antivirus, Windows upgrade log files, Temporary internet files, System created Windows Error Reporting files, Delivery Optimization files, Recycle Bin, Temporary files , Thumbnails.

Finally, don’t forget to click OK> Delete Files to confirm the operation and allow the cleaning of the selected data to take place. Other partitions follow the same approach.

Defragment the drive

After checking and cleaning up the disk partition, the last thing you need to do is perform defragmentation. Normally, Windows 10 will do this automatically at times when the computer is open and you are not using it, but you can perform the optimization in the manual direction as follows.

Launch File Explorer and access This PC. Right-click the drive partition to check and click Properties. The Properties dialog box appears, click on the Tools tab and click on the Optimize option under Optimize and defragment drive.

The Optimize window and defragment drive appear, click left to select the partition you want to check and defragment, then click on Analyze to see if the drive needs optimization. If so, press Optimize to let the defragmenter start.

If you want to schedule an automatic check and defragment process, click on the Change settings option and set the options in the window that appears.

Pretty simple, isn’t it? Hope this article will be useful for you.